A raymarcher using signed distance functions.
Cryptosystems often utilize randomized values for security, however, fixing some of these random values to some known value can open up methods of sending covert messages.
Strange attractors describe a state that a dynamical system tends towards over time for many initial conditions.
Baseball Reference has a feature on player pages called “Similarity Scores” that quantifies how similiar a player’s season or career is to another. At Fangraphs, Dan Szymborski’s ZiPS projections uses Mahalanobis distances to find player comps and to predict future performance.
Implementations of Perlin and Simplex noise, and other noisy functions based upon them.